The Swedish Social Insurance Inspectorate was established on 1 July 2009.
The first initiative to establish the agency was taken in the Budget Bill of 2007. As part of this Bill, the Government argued that it was imperative that the rule of law and the efficiency of the social insurance system, be placed under continuous and independent scrutiny.
In March 2007 the Government appointed a commission to investigate the future supervision of the social insurance system (Dir. 2007:24). The commission presented its report to the Government in January 2008 (SOU 2008:10). The commission proposed that a new government agency should be established to implement system supervision and efficiency control of the social insurance system.
The next step was taken in November 2008 when the Government set out its instructions for establishing the ISF. In March 2009 the Government appointed Per Molander as Director-General, and assigned the task of setting up the new agency to him. The Director-General of the agency was appointed for a period of six years.
On October 1st 2015 Per Molander retired as Director-General. A new Director-General was appointed in December 2015, in the interim period the Senior Legal Adviser, Catarina Eklundh Ahlgren acted as Director General and Head of the The Swedish Social Insurance Inspectorate.
In March 14 2016 Marie Hemström-Hemmingsson, former head of the social insurance division at the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs became Director-General for ISF.
From 1 May 2018, Catarina Eklundh Ahlgren became Acting Director-General when Maria Hemström Hemmingsson was on leave. Between 1 August 2019 and 14 April 2020, Marie Seijboldt was Acting Director-General. On April 15 2020, Ola Leijon became Acting Director-General.
The ISF's office was initially located in Stockholm. From September 1 2018, ISF also started operations in Gothenburg. As of August 2019, the entire operation has been located in Gothenburg.